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Home Career Opportunities Top 5 Career Options After 12th Science PCM 2024

Top 5 Career Options After 12th Science PCM 2024

Dec 9, 2023 28.5K Reads

The real journey starts when a student clears their 12th board examinations and wants to achieve their upcoming dreams to touch the skies of their career. But before that, a student needs to score a good percentage in their respective streams. It’s that time when a student is at a peak to build their path and boom career opportunities for themselves.

Career Options After 12th PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Maths)

The Science stream with PCM has various career options, students can acquire them as per their interests. Time is running out, it’s a good time to choose your career wisely. Here in this blog, you can get to know about all the career options in the science stream with PCM subjects, top colleges, average salaries, and much more. So, why are you still waiting? Scroll down to know what career options are available for science students after the 12th board. 

#1 Engineering 

This career is one of the most demanding career options for the science streams in the non-medical sectors. Some of the students aim to score a good percentage to become Engineers. However, a student can pursue a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) or Bachelors of Engineering (B.E) to continue with the studies of Engineering.

Aspirants after the completion of their respective engineering can apply in higher organizations to different positions such as Software Engineer, Data Analyst, Digital Marketer, Website Developer, Database Designer, etc. Students can choose an engineering specialization from below mentioned engineering options: 

Mechanical Engineering Marine Engineering Automobile Engineering Environmental Engineering Plastic and Polymer Engineering
Computer Science Engineering Aerospace Engineering Bio Instrumentation Engineering Leather Engineering Printing
Civil Engineering Agriculture Engineering Bioinformatics Engineering Mining and Metallurgical Engineering
Electronics and Telecommunications Petroleum Engineering Chemical Engineering Nanotechnology Engineering
Information Technology Biochemical Engineering  Food Technology Engineering  Rubber Engineering
Automobile Engineering Biomedical Engineering Fire Engineering Genetic Engineering

Top Engineering colleges:

  • IITs (Madras, Bombay, Kharagpur, Delhi, Kanpur, Roorkee, Guwahati, Bangalore, etc) 
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT)
  • Anna University, Chennai 
Course  Eligibility  Course Duration  Entrance Test  Average Salary
Engineering (B.Tech) 10+2 Science with PCM minimum of 60% of aggregate marks  4 Years (8 Semesters)  National / State Level Entrance Test such as IIT-JEE, GATE, UPSEE, BITSAT  INR  1 lakhs PA – 10 Lakhs PA

#2 Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)

After engineering career options, this B.Arch is the second-highest career option for science students. The course teaches the study of designing, the study of process, construction of buildings, and their structures. This field is a work of art and ideas to make them true in a real structure of houses, buildings, bridges, etc.

A degree course involves the study of artwork into mathematical and scientific calculations to design the whole structure of the given project. Candidates can also go for higher education for postgraduation programs such as Masters in Arch or Masters in Designing etc. Positions in which a B.Arch degree holder can apply for, Architecture Designer, Interior Designer, Architecture Draftsman, Project Assistant Manager, Architecture Engineer, etc. 

Course  Eligibility  Course Duration  Entrance Test  Average Salary
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) 10+2 Science with PCM minimum of 60% of aggregate marks  5 Years (10 Semesters)  National / State Level Entrance Test such as IIT-JEE, GATE, UPSEE, BITSAT  INR 2 lakhs PA – 8 Lakhs PA

#3 Pilot (Commercial/Fighter)

Students who dream to fly high into the sky, then this career is the best for those students who don’t need to work for 9 to 5 jobs. This career doesn’t only give you an opportunity to fly high but gives you the wings to achieve what you had dreamt about. This profession is a blend of science, mathematics, and technology with the exposure of traveling into locations, cities, places, or even abroad too. The job of a pilot is not easy, it is full of responsibilities that a pilot carries on their strong shoulders to take off and land the flight safely.

To become a pilot candidate has to go through with the different levels of selection, starting from their written to physical test and flying the mock flight. There are many kinds of pilots, in which a student can become such as Air Force Pilot, Commercial Pilot, Private Pilot, Fighter Pilot or etc. This profession also offers smart salary packages even as their starting salary packages. 

Top Universities/Colleges to become a Pilot:

  • IGIA (Indira Gandi Institute of Aeronautics)
  • Flightline Aviation Services LLP
  • Start Aviation Academy 
  • Flying Academy India 
  • Indian Aviation Academy
  • Indian Air Force Academy 
Courses # B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) Aviation,
# B.Sc. (Bachelor of Science) Aeronautical Science,
# B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) Aerospace Engineering,
# B.E. (Bachelor of Engineering) Aeronautical Engineering,
# B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) Avionics Engineering,
# B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) Aeronautical Engineering 
Eligibility # 10+2 with a minimum of 50% aggregate marks in Maths and Physics.
# 16 is the age for a Student Pilot Licence.
# 17 is the age for a private Licence holder.
# 18 is the age for Commercial Pilot Licence.
Course Duration # Indian Flying Schools offers a CPL (Combined Programming Language) program with a duration of 2-3 years (depending upon the student’s performance)
# Commercial Pilot Licence acquires 18-24 months of training with at least 200 hours of flying experience in their training period. 
Entrance Test # Different Aviation institutes have their own selection procedure.

# A student needs to go through with the Written, Practical, and other entry-level examinations.

Average Salary # INR 1.50 Lakhs per month – 2 lakhs per month

#4 Merchant Navy 

The career of the Merchant Navy operates in seas, or oceans to transport goods, services, and trade into different places through ships to overseas. It is one of the different ways to trade in various countries or cross seas. Merchant ships employ a huge amount of workers to carry supply goods, machinery, cargo all over the world.

The merchant navy officers stay on the ship till they transport the goods and services. Candidates who aspire to be in the Merchant navy can work as deck officers, radio officers, engineers, chief engineering officers or etc. To become a merchant officer students need to score a good percentage in their science stream in PCM as their main subjects. 

Top Universities/Colleges: 

  • Tolani Maritime Institute, Pune 
  • Applied Research International, Delhi 
  • IMU Campus Mumbai 
  • The Great Eastern Institute of Maritime Studies, Mumbai 
  • Coimbatore Marine College (CMC), Coimbatore
Course # B.Sc Nautical Science
# B.Tech Marine Engineering
# B.E Mechanical Engineering
# B.Tech Ship Building
# B.Tech Ship Building
# B.E Marine Engineering
# Diploma in Nautical Sciences (DNS)
# Diploma in Marine Engineering (DME).
Eligibility # 10+2 Science with PCM minimum of 60% of aggregate marks
Course Duration # For B.Sc – 3 years
# For B.E. (All Branches) – 4 years
Entrance Test # IMU CET (Indian Maritime University Common Test)
# AIMNET (All India Merchant Navy Entrance Test)
# Eyesight and Medical test
Average Salary # INR 20,000- 5 lakhs per month 

#5 National Defence Services 

If students have a passion for service at the forefront to protect the motherland. National defense services offer prestigious and respected career opportunities. There are three different national defense services where an aspirant can serve, the Indian Army, the Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. 

Top Institutes: 

  • Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun 
  • Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai 
  • Indian Air Force Academy 
  • Indian Naval Academy 
  • National Defence Academy 
Course  # B.Tech
# BSc
# B.A
Eligibility # 10+2 with science stream (PCM) with a minimum of 60% aggregate marks /
# 10+2 (any stream) with 60% above aggregate marks
Course Duration # Depends upon the selected defense academy
Entrance Test # CDS (Combine Defence Services)
# SSB (Service Selection Board )
Average Salary # INR 30,000- INR 80,000 per month


In detail, we had discussed the various career options for science streams with PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) in 12th boards. Hope this blog has cleared all your doubts and shows you the right path, that what to choose after the completion of the 12th board. If you are looking for some other career opportunities in Science, Commerce stream then check out our other latest blogs and read to for your career guidance. Choose your career wisely and happy reading!

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Students can get smart and high salary packages into these professions such as Engineering, Pilot, and Merchant Navy.

Actually, the selection of PCM and PCB is totally dependent upon a student’s interest. Both streams have various career options. It is advisable for a student to select their stream as per their choice of interest and where they want to build their career. 

No, only a science streamer can pursue a degree of B.Tech and their specializations.

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