what is distance learning know all about its benefits and types
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What is Distance Learning & How is it Beneficial For You?

Dec 11, 2023 1.3K Reads

During the COVID-19 Pandemic & even after that distance learning has become a preferred choice for many students & professionals. The rising number of admissions for distance learning courses is a reflection of the adoption of remote learning methods by today’s education industry. Moreover, technological advancements in the education sector have enhanced the teaching-learning experiences of distance learning.

So, if you are planning on diving into the world of remote or distance learning, you must have a clear idea of its types, advantages, disadvantages, etc. Here in this article, we will be discussing all such important factors to make you know all about distance learning!

What is Distance Learning?

Distance Learning is a category of remote learning methods that involves a flexible learning routine. In this mode, learners are not required to attend regular on-campus classes. They have a fixed schedule of weekend or evening classes which allows them to continue their professional or personal commitments while learning. 

In distance learning mode, students are provided with study materials (books) by the university through courier service & digital portals. Thus, an independent learning format is encouraged in this distance education mode which is mostly based on self-paced learning.

Types of Distance Learning

Distance learning has two major types: synchronous & asynchronous. 

A brief detail about these two is provided below.

  • Synchronous Distance Learning

In this type, learners get to establish one-on-one interaction with their peers & faculty members. This interaction can be done in either physical mode or via digital platforms. Here learners will attend live lectures at a fixed schedule which makes it relatively less flexible than it is expected to be. The live communication involved in this category uses teleconferencing or videoconferencing using technical tools & software.

  • Asynchronous Distance Learning

In this mode, learners will have the freedom to learn at their own pace. With the 24*7 availability of course content, they are required to meet their project or assignment deadlines as provided by the faculty members. This way learners can fulfill their objective of choosing a flexible distance learning program. The modes of communication that can be used in this type by the students include quizzes, video comments, and conversations.

Different Ways of Learning Involved in Distance Education

When you enroll in any distance learning program, you will encounter a variety of learning modes being used by your university or institution. The four common ones that are highly preferred are listed here.

  • Video Conferencing

In video conferencing, multiple learners can connect at one time using the internet. This way they will have a chance to interact with their teachers & fellow learners. This makes the distance education program to be delivered in a structured way. Platforms or tools usually used for video conferencing are Zoom, Adobe Connect, Blackboard Connect, etc. It is more like a synchronous type of distance learning.

  • Hybrid Distance Education

By combining synchronous & asynchronous distance learning types, we get a hybrid mode of distance education. In this way of learning, you will have to meet your deadlines but have the freedom to study on your own with the provided study materials. 

You can connect with your professors in this learning method via online portals & clear your doubts for a better understanding of the subject. With an independent learning module, this mode offers you one-on-one interaction with your teachers & peers.

  • Online Open-Schedule Courses

This mode falls in the category of asynchronous distance learning. Here you have the complete freedom to study at your pace with digital facilitations like online books, bulletin boards, & online portals. You will have to follow certain deadlines in this as well but there is no stress involved due to the online academic support. 

To do well in this way of learning, one needs to have high motivation & self-discipline. 

  • Fixed Time Virtual Course

This is the most common way of learning in distance education programs. In this, you have a fixed schedule of classes that you need to attend for an enhanced understanding of topics. Moreover, with unlimited access to the study materials, you need to pass the scheduled tests to get your degree or certificate.

Who Should Pursue Distance Learning Programs?

Distance learning programs are open for all aspirants, however, some specific categories can get high benefits from it. A list of such categories is provided below.

  • Students living in rural areas who cannot attend regular classes in a reputed college in the big city.
  • Students who fail to crack the merit list of regular colleges.
  • Students who cannot afford to pay for regular college.
  • Students who want to study abroad at an affordable cost by staying at their homes.
  • Working professionals who need to upskill their knowledge for better career opportunities.
  • Organizations who want to give professional training to their employees for better growth of their businesses.

Advantages of Distance Learning

Distance learning programs offer a variety of advantages. Consider the below-mentioned benefits to make a confident decision to enroll in one such program.

  • Flexibility: Distance learning courses provide you with a high flexibility of learning from anywhere at any time with the help of digitized academic resources. The option of attending weekend or evening classes helps distance education learners to continue their jobs while studying.
  • Say No To Travelling: In distance learning programs, you do not need to travel regularly to the college campus for classes. However, virtual trips to seminars, workshops, & industries are arranged to make you get equipped with the latest industry trends.
  • Accessibility: Distance learning helps you access quality education from your preferred college or institution even if it is not located in your town or city. This high accessibility is a major advantage that contributes highly to equipping the Indian workforce with quality knowledge from all around teh world.
  • Save Time & Money: Distance education is quite affordable which saves your or your parent’s hard-earned money. With low tuition fees & less overhead costs, it saves you a lot of money. In addition, it saves your travel time which is a big saving for your busy schedule.

Disadvantages of Distance Learning

With a long list of advantages associated with distance education, there are some disadvantages reported by the learners. The most common ones are:

  • Lack of physical interaction with teachers causes distraction from studies which makes you lose concentration & ultimately results in missed deadlines.
  • A slow internet connection makes you frustrated as it won’t let you learn at a smooth pace in online classes & takes longer to load the recorded videos.
  • Some instructors might ask you to get additional tools or software for your course which sometimes causes a financial burden on you.
  • Lack of technical support confuses you with handling several technical tools & applications.

Are Distance Learning Degrees Recognized?

Even with the gain in popularity of distance learning, the question of its credibility always revolves in one’s mind. As per the guidelines launched by the University Grants Commission (UGC), distance learning programs completed from recognized institutions or universities hold equal weightage as an on-campus one. 

As per a report, “77% of academic leaders rate distance education as equal or superior and 69% of chief academic officers agree.” This makes you fulfill your dream of working at an international firm with a distance learning degree. However, the necessary skill sets & experience are additional requirements that would be specific to your recruiting firm.

What is the Future of Distance Learning?

Earlier distance education was thought to be an inferior mode of learning but now this is certainly not the case! With all the technical developments & increased dependency on them, the admission rate to distance education is rising in great numbers. Moreover, during the Covid-19 pandemic, we got an understanding of what are the basic needs that are important for our survival, and guess what? Remote learning is one of those needs! 

Remote or distance learning is an effective learning mode that does not require your physical presence in the classes. It makes you gain theoretical (via books & digitized academic resources) & practical knowledge (via your job) at the same time. This way it not only improves the quality of education but fills the gap between “what we know?” and “what we should know?” as per today’s industry standards. 

The scope of distance learning is highly promising & is not going to drop in any sense in the future. One of the reasons for this high scope is that even the top organizations are encouraging their employees to upskill themselves with remote or distance learning programs. Whether a student or a professional, distance learning is a perfect fit for everyone’s schedule.

Top Universities Offering Distance Learning Programs

After getting to know about a plethora of benefits of distance learning programs, you must be curious about the university names that have made this learning format such popular. Here is a list of a few top universities in India that have changed the impression of distance learning courses with their dedicated faculty & smooth services.

Location University 
Andhra Pradesh
  • Acharya Nagarjuna University, Guntur
  • Sri Venkateswara University, Tirupati
  • Andhra University, Visakhapatnam
  • Gitam University, Visakhapatnam
  • Sri Padmavati Mahila Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati
Arunachal Pradesh 
  • Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar
  • Venkateshwara Open University, Itanagar
  • Babasaheb Bhim Rao Ambedkar Bihar University, Muzaffarpur
  • Nalanda Open University, Patna
  • Jai Prakash University, Chhapra
  • Magadh University, Bodh Gaya
  • Patna University, Patna
  • Delhi University, Delhi
  • Indira Gandhi National Open University, Delhi
  • Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi
  • Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
  • Institute of Management and Development, New Delhi
  • Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi
  • Guru Jambheshwar University, Hisar
  • Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
  • Manav Rachna International University
  • Maharishi Dayanand University, Rohtak
  • Kannur University, Kannur
  • University of Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram
  • University of Calicut, Kozhikode
  • Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
  • Panjab University, Chandigarh
  • Punjabi University, Patiala
  • Chandigarh University
  • Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences, Pilani
  • Jain Vishva Bharati Institute, Ladnun
  • Institute of Advance Studies in Education, Sardarshar
  • NIMS University, Jaipur
  • Suresh Gyan Vihar University, Jaipur
  • Sikkim Manipal University, Gangtok
  • ICFAI University, Gangtok
Tamil Nadu
  • Annamalai University, Chidambaram
  • Karpagam University, Coimbatore
  • Tamil Nadu Open University, Chennai
  • Meenakshi Academy of Higher Education and Research
  • University of Madras, Chennai
  • Mother Teresa Women's University, Kodaikanal
  • Periyar Maniammai University, Thanjavur
  • Periyar University, Salem
  • University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun
  • ICFAI University, Dehradun
  • Uttarakhand Open University, Haldwani
  • Kumaun University, Nainital
Uttar Pradesh
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh
  • Indian Institute of Carpet Technology, Bhadohi, UP
  • Swami Vivekananda Subharti University, Meerut
  • Teerthankar Mahaveer University, Moradabad
  • Amity University, Noida
  • University of Allahabad, Allahabad


The above-mentioned universities are not the only ones in the particular state but hold a good reputation in their regions.

Most Sought-After Distance Learning Programs

A variety of distance learning courses are available at government & private universities but some of them have gained significantly high popularity in this category. The table below lists some of them for your awareness.

Postgraduate Distance Education Courses
Distance MBA  Distance MCA
Distance M.Com Distance MA
Distance M.Sc
Undergraduate Distance Education Courses
Distance BBA Distance BCA
Distance B.Com Distance BA
Distance B.Sc


For engineering aspirants, BTech distance education & MTech distance education are also provided by certain universities. However, these programs are valid only after incorporating some modifications as established by AICTE. The official name of these AICTE-approved flexible engineering courses is B.Tech with Flexible Timings & MTech with Flexible Timings.

Difference Between Regular & Distance Learning Programs

The table below lists the key differences between a regular & distance learning program.

Parameter Regular Program Distance Learning Program
Flexibility Level Very low Moderate to high
Class Schedule Daily fixed class timings Weekend or evening classes
Physical Presence Necessary No need
Interaction With Teachers In-person Via Regional Centers, Digital platforms, forums, or LMS
Fee Structure Quite high Affordable
Admission Process Done from the university’s admission office Either through the university’s admission office or the official website
Exam Format At college campus At college campuses/regional centers/online
Networking opportunity Mostly domestic International professional networking via digital platforms
Industry Exposure Low to moderate Quite high


Today, you can opt for the distance learning mode for your graduation, postgraduation, or doctoral degree programs. Thus, you can now upskill with your relevant program even in your busy schedule. Moreover, the low fees & flexible way of learning make you enjoy your journey along with your other commitments. 

So, don’t stay stuck in the old traditional methods, join a distance learning program & make a smart choice for your career! 

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

The mode of learning where learners do not need to attend lectures physically with teachers is referred to as distance learning. A variety of methods are used in distance learning that can be chosen as per the specific needs of the learners.

Authorized universities have introduced almost all of their regular programs in the distance mode including UG, PG, diploma, & certification programs.

If completed from a UGC-approved university, your distance learning course will be treated equally as a regular program as per the latest UGC guidelines.

In synchronous, you will get to interact with your teachers & peers via physical classes, online portals, forums, or specific applications. On the other hand, asynchronous distance learning programs encourage independent learning without the involvement of any direct interaction. In both types, digitized academic resources will be provided to learners that can be accessed from anywhere at any time.

The Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University (IP), Delhi University School of Open Learning (DU SOL), & many other government universities have earned their names in the domain of distance education by providing world-class education & services.

Distance learning programs allow learners to continue their job or other commitments while pursuing their education. This model has highly contributed to filling the gap between conceptual understanding & practical implementations. 

Online learning is one of the categories of remote learning that makes you learn your entire course without a single visit to the university campus. On the other hand, distance education incorporates a hybrid pattern of learning in which you need to visit the university campus for classes at fixed schedules.

Distance education programs make you learn your preferred course from your desired university without any geographical constraints at a low cost. Your daily routine or work schedule will not be affected by your studies in this mode of education.

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