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Home Online M.Sc M.Sc Subjects, Syllabus and Curriculum Structure - Specialization wise [2024]

M.Sc Subjects, Syllabus and Curriculum Structure - Specialization wise [2024]

Apr 11, 2024 1.1K Reads

Master of Science or M.Sc is a popular postgraduate course available to be pursued in India. It is a 2-year degree program which equips the students with the necessary theoretical foundations and practical expertise to develop a career in the domain of sciences and related fields. 

In this blog, the syllabus, common subjects and the course structure of the program have been detailed as per latest guidelines and educational standards of the University Grants Commission (UGC).

Continue reading to learn more about the syllabus of a Master of Science (M.Sc) degree program in the regular, online and distance modes. 

Master of Science (M.Sc): Course Overview

The Master of Science or M.Sc degree course is a popular choice of higher education chosen by enthusiasts of life sciences, pure sciences as well as engineering and computer sciences. The course has a standard duration of 2 years as other postgraduate degrees.

Certain key details about an M.Sc degree as offered in India is provided below -

Course Name 

Master of Science (M.Sc)

Course Level 


Course Duration 

2 Years 

General Eligibility 

  • Candidates must have a B.Sc/B.E./B.Tech degree from a Recognised University.  
  • Candidate must have scored at least 50% aggregate marks at the graduation level 
  • Candidates with other Bachelor’s degrees having studied Mathematics at the Graduation level are also eligible

Approximate Course Fee

INR 40,000 to INR 1,50,000 for full course 

Prominent Specialisations

  • Physics 
  • Chemistry
  • Mathematics 
  • Statistics  
  • Data Science 
  • Computer Science 
  • Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning 
  • Botany 
  • Zoology 
  • Microbiology 

No. of Semesters


Modes of Learning 

  • Online Learning Mode 
  • Regular Learning Mode 
  • Open Distance Learning (ODL) Mode 

Scholarships and Concessions 

Available as per Institution 

Institutions Offering the Course

  • Lovely Professional University (LPU)
  • Chandigarh University 
  • Dr. MGR University 
  • Vivekananda Global University 
  • Amity University 
  • University of Delhi 
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU)
  • University of Calcutta 
  • University of Mumbai 
  • Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham
  • Banaras Hindu University
  • University of Hyderabad
  • Jain University 

Career Scope 

Scientist, Data Scientist, Engineer, Software Engineer, Biologist, Microbiologist, Research Assistant, Statistician, Lab Technician, Developer etc. 

Approximate Salary that can be earned 

INR 9,24,000

Mode of Learning & M.Sc Syllabus 

Erstwhile in India, conventionally, an M.Sc was available to be pursued as a full-time regular course or a distance/correspondence program. Of late, The course is also being offered in the fully virtual mode -

Thus, as per the guidelines of the University Grants Commission (UGC) and its distance education board (i.e. UGC-DEB), an M.Sc can be pursued in India in three modes currently: 

  • MSc Regular Learning Mode
  • MSc Online Learning (OL) Mode
  • MSc Open Distance Learning (ODL) Mode 

The syllabus for an M.Sc, irrespective of the mode of learning, is quite similar and equivalent. There are no significant differences in the curricular structure, subjects taught, practicals conducted etc. between the regular and the distance or online mode.

Part Time M.Sc M.Sc After B.Sc
M.Sc After B.Com M.Sc After B.Tech

Moreover, as per the latest guidelines of the UGC-DEB, whether an M.Sc is being offered in the regular or ODL or online modes, the degree credentials will be considered as equivalent and valid across India (provided they have been completed from a university/institute duly accredited to offer online/distance degrees). 

Course Structure of M.Sc 

Since a Master of Science is a degree course at the postgraduate level, it follows a similar curricular structure as other PG degrees, as illustrated below.

In the case of a regular degree, the student attends regular lectures as well as practicum classes during the period of course completion. In the case of ODL M.Sc course, the practical classes are often slotted during the weekends or during a specific period of the month in an on-campus setting. 

For the case of online M.Sc degree, since the currently offered specialisations in India are limited (mostly related to technology and IT domains), there are new-age technological and ICT-integrated simulation tools that are used for conduction of online practical classes for students. This is done in an endeavour to provide the 360-degree learning experience of an M.Sc program despite the virtual mode. 

What are the Specialisations in Master of Science (M.Sc) Degree? 

The specialisations available in an M.Sc degree usually pertain to pure sciences (such as mathematics, physics, chemistry etc.), life sciences (such as botany, zoology, microbiology and the like) as well as information technology and computer science.

The subjects of the specialisation domain are taught to the student in this degree throughout the 4 semesters along with a few core papers. 

The most frequently pursued specialisations in an M.Sc have been enlisted below -






Data Science 

Computer Science 

Information Technology 

Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning (AI & ML)


Syllabus of M.Sc Degree 

The syllabus for an M.Sc degree would greatly vary depending upon the particular specialisation a student has opted for in the course. Furthermore, in the case of the same specialisation as well, the exact curriculum of the course tends to vary as per institution to institution and from one academic year to another. 

Provided herein are a few of the most central topics and subject areas taught in an M.Sc for various specialisations. 

First Year M.Sc Subjects 

While there are no fixed core courses of an M.Sc across all specialisations, there are certain common courses taught in related areas of the field (e.g. specifically for life sciences, pure sciences or computer sciences).

These papers are generally covered in the first year of the course and a few of them are enlisted here - 

Real Analysis

Functional Analysis

Advanced Algebra 

Fundamentals of Research 

Research Methodology 


Sampling Techniques

Statistical Inference 

Specialisation Subjects in M.Sc Degree

The major and in-depth coverage of subjects in an M.Sc degree revolves around the specific specialisation selected by a student for the course. For the majority of the specialisations of M.Sc, the theoretical subjects are taught alongside practicums conducted for the papers, which are evaluated as part of the course curriculum. 


Detailed here are a few of the common specialisation papers covered for various subfields in an M.Sc -

1) M.Sc Mathematics

The specialisation of mathematics focuses on the coverage of topical domains ranging from complex mathematical analysis, statistics, algebra, geometry and so on, as enlisted below-. Enquire Now | Online M.Sc Program In Mathematics!

Advanced Differential Equations

Advanced Algebraic Equations 

Research Methods & Design 

Complex Analysis

Differential Geometry

Numeral Analysis

Measure and Integration Geometry of Numbers

Complex Analysis

2) M.Sc Data Science 

The specialisation of data science revolves around equipping the student with advanced hands-on skills of data science, analytics and business analytics. The specialisation includes coverage of domains ranging from database management and deep learning to Python programming and algebra for data science. Enquire Now | M.Sc Online In Data Science!

Find a few of the key subjects for M.Sc Data Science listed below -

SQL Database 

Advanced Database Management Systems

Python Programming 

Deep Learning 


Applied Business Analytics

Data Structures & Algorithms

Calculus and Linear Algebra for Data Scientists

3) M.Sc Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning (AI & ML)

An up and coming area of computer science, a dual specialisation in artificial intelligence and machine learning for an M.Sc revolves around the coverage of topics like the foundations of AI and ML, their modern applications, implications for business and professional ventures, the technical nuances of AI and ML like programming, development, model testing etc. the domains of AIML like deep learning, NLP and so on. Enquire Now | M.Sc Online In AI and ML!

Find the major specialisation subjects for this course listed below -

Basics of Artificial Intelligence 

Machine Learning

Deep Learning 

Data Structures & Algorithms 

Business Analytics 

Computer Vision 

AI & Decision Sciences

Business Law & Ethics 

Quantitative Research Methods

Natural Language Processing (NLP) 

4) M.Sc Botany 

Botany is a domain of the life sciences specifically dedicated to the study of the plant kingdom in sciences. An M.Sc in Botany covers a range of advanced subjects in the discipline including phycology, nuances of taxonomy, cell biology and biomolecules, plant anatomy and morphology and so on, including both theoretical concepts and practicals.

Find the core papers of this M.Sc in Botany enlisted below -


Taxonomy of Angiosperms

Cell Biology and Biomolecules

Plant Anatomy and Developmental Biology

Microbial Biotechnology

Plant Physiology and Pharmacognosy

Computer Applications and Bioinformatics

Genetics and Genomics

Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, and Gymnosperms

Paleobotany and Palynology

5) M.Sc Zoology 

Focused specifically on the animal kingdom in the living world, an M.Sc in Zoology is another highly popular specialisation in life sciences covering domains like genetics, genetic engineering, animal physiology, morphology, anatomy and so on.

The major papers of this specialisation are enlisted below - 

Genetics and Genetic Engineering

Ecological theories and applications

Parasites and Immunity

Comparative Animal Physiology

Endocrinology and Neuroscience

Biochemistry and Molecular biology

Taxonomy and Biodiversity

Evolution and Animal Behaviour

Conservation Biology and Wildlife

Biostatistics, Bioinformatics, and Instrumentation

Biotechnology and Applications

Cell and Receptor Biology

6) M.Sc Statistics 

Another specialisation subsumed under the pure sciences and more specifically mathematics, an M.Sc in Mathematics covers a range of subjects in details starting from data description, processing, descriptive statistics, inferential analysis as well as modern statistical tools and technologies to provide an up to date curricular background in the subject domain.

Mentioned herein are a few of the major subjects covered in this course -

Statistical Inference 

Statistical Quality Control & Reliability 

Numerical Methods 

Trend Analysis & Index Numbers 

Design of Experiments 

Data Mining 

Multivariate Analysis & Non-Parametric Methods 

Vital Statistics

7) M.Sc Physics 

An M.Sc in Physics covers a range of classical concepts as well as modern development in this field starting through classical mechanics, electrodynamics and so on to the coverage of more modern domains including the likes of quantum mechanics, nuclear and particle physics etc.

The major courses generally covered in this specialisation are mentioned below -

Classical Mechanics

Classical Electrodynamics

Quantum Mechanics


Statistical Mechanics

Nuclear and Particle Physics

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Computer Applications in Physics


Advanced Quantum Mechanics

8) M.Sc Computer Science 

An M.Sc in Computer Science (M.Sc) covers a range of subjects pertaining to the domain of CS and ITES including AI and machine learning, DBMS, programming, graphic designing, web development and so on, allowing a vast scope of career exploration for the student.

Some of the key courses covered in this specialisation include those mentioned herein -

System Software

Language Structure

File Organisation and DBMS

Advanced Programming Language

Computer Organization and Architecture

Computer Graphics

Operating System

Introduction to Artificial Intelligence

Data Networking

System Analysis and Design

Advanced Computer Applications

Data Structures using C

9) M.Sc Chemistry 

An M.Sc in Chemistry is a popular specialisation in the domain of natural sciences that provides a comprehensive education about the various domains of the field such as organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, physical chemistry, advanced quantum chemistry, chemistry of materials and so on.

The major subjects and papers included in this specialisation have been mentioned below -

Inorganic Chemistry

Physical Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

Chemistry of Materials

Advanced Quantum Chemistry

Advanced Chemical Kinetics and Electrochemistry

Chemical Dynamics and Electrochemistry

Modern Techniques and Scope of Chemical Biology

Transition and Non-transition Metal Chemistry

Computational Chemistry


A Master of Science is a comprehensive 2-year degree course appropriate for science graduates looking to garner enhanced and advanced education in the domain of their specialisation alongside practical skill-building. With the new-age modes of the course including those like a fully online M.Sc degree, students can reap the benefits of completing the course conveniently in a remote mode while upskilling themselves to grow their repertoire of theoretical knowledge alongside applied skills.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Some of the most popularly agreed upon subjects in an M.Sc that are considered challenging include those like Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry.

There are a number of topics for M.Sc that vary specifically as per the specialisations you choose or the university you pursue the course from. The common topics offered as core subjects in a few M.Sc degrees include real analysis, functional analysis, introduction to research methodology, algebra etc.

The common specialisations for an M.Sc include Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Computer Science, AI & ML, Mathematics, Statistics and so on. 

No, the syllabus as well as curricular structure for an online M.Sc is similar to and considered equivalent to that of a regular M.Sc. For a given specialisation, an online and a regular M.Sc has coverage of similar subjects and practicums. 

The syllabus for an M.Sc course typically includes the coverage of a numbered core courses in the first two semesters of the 2-year program, followed by specialisation-specific papers for the course. Along with the specialisation subjects, students are required to attend practicum courses for those subjects. In some institutes, a final semester research project may be needed in partial fulfilment of the degree requirements.

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