career options after 12th science pcm for girl
Home Career Opportunities Top 10 Career Options After 12th Science PCM for Girl 2024

Top 10 Career Options After 12th Science PCM for Girl 2024

Apr 17, 2024 50.4K Reads

While pursuing science in the higher secondary levels, i.e. grades 11th and 12th provide fascinating learning experiences to students, the real journey of exploration starts when a student clears their 12th board examinations and wants to achieve their upcoming dreams through higher education. But before that, a student needs to score a good percentage in their respective streams. It’s that time when a student is at a peak to build their path and boom career opportunities for themselves.

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Being one of the toughest periods of contemplation for students requiring the effective management of studies, preparation of entrances and active exploration of career choices after school education, a student may often find themselves overwhelmed with the multitude of career options available. We understand the gravity of this irreversible career decision, and to ease the task of researching and selecting the right career path, we have enlisted some of the most sought career options in PCM stream for students completing their class 12th education. 

Career Options After 12th PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Maths)

The Science stream with PCM has various career options, students can acquire them as per their interests. Time is running out, it’s a good time to choose your career wisely. Here in this blog, you can get to know about all the career options in the science stream with PCM subjects, top colleges, average salaries, and much more. So, why are you still waiting? Scroll down to know what career options are available for science students after the 12th board. 

So let’s dive in. 

#1 Engineering 

This career domain is one of the most demanding as well as compensated career options for the science stream aspirants in the non-medical sectors. Students who wish to take up a career in engineering after class 12th can aim to qualify requisite entrance exams to enrol in the Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) or Bachelor of Engineering (B.E) courses. 

  • Duration: 4 Years
  • Fees: INR INR 1,00,000 to INR 20,00,000
  • Eligibility: Completed Class 12th Education AND Qualified JEE (Mains and Advanced), BITSAT, WBJEE, VITEE etc. 

Aspirants after the completion of their respective engineering can apply in organizations to different positions such as Software Engineer, Data Analyst, Digital Marketer, Website Developer, Database Designer, etc. Students can choose an engineering specialization from below mentioned engineering options:  

Top Engineering Colleges

A few of the most well-regarded colleges in India for engineering have been enlisted below. 

  • IITs (Madras, Bombay, Kharagpur, Delhi, Kanpur, Roorkee, Guwahati, Bangalore, etc) 
  • Delhi Technological University (DTU)
  • Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Bhubaneswar
  • Indian Institutes of Information Technology (IIITs)
  • Manipal Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • BITS Pilani 
  • Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata
  • Indian Institute of Science Bangalore (IISB)
  • Institute of Chemical Technology (ICT)
  • Anna University, Chennai 

#2 Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch)

After engineering career options, a Bachelor of Architecture or B.Arch is one of the most popularly sought career options for science students. The course teaches the study of designing, construction of buildings, their structures and much more. This degree course involves the study of artwork into mathematical and scientific calculations to design the whole structure of the given project. 

  • Duration:  5 Years
  • Fees:  INR 2,00,000 to INR 8,00,000
  • Eligibility: JEE Mains, NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture)

Upon completing this course, candidates can also go for higher education for postgraduate programs such as Masters in Architecture or Masters in Designing etc. Some of the positions in which a B.Arch degree holder can apply for include Architecture Designer, Interior Designer, Architecture Draftsman, Project Assistant Manager, Architecture Engineer, etc. 

Top Architecture Colleges

A few of the renowned colleges in India for architecture have been enlisted below.

  • Jamia Millia Islamia 
  • IIT Roorkee
  • IIT Kharagpur 
  • Sir J. J. School of Art 
  • School of Planning and Architecture (SPA)
  • Manipal University 
  • Chandigarh University 
  • Aligarh Muslim University 
  • NIT Raipur 

#3 Pilot (Commercial/Fighter)

Another unconventional yet challenging and engaging career for students of PCM is to become a pilot in the commercial or fighter industries. This career option is the best suited for candidates who don’t prefer to work on conventional jobs. This career brings together a blend of science, mathematics, and technology with the exposure of travelling into different locations. 

The courses that an interested candidate can consider taking up include those like a B.Sc in Aviation, a B.Tech in Aeronautical Engineering and so on. 

  • Duration:  3-4 Years (3 for B.Sc & 4 for B.Tech)
  • Fees:  INR 2,00,000 to INR 20,00,000
  • Eligibility: Having Completed Class 12th Education from a Recognised Board with at least 50% Aggregate Marks & Physics and Mathematics as Core Subjects 

To become a pilot candidate has to go through the different levels of selection, starting from their written to physical test and flying the mock flight. There are many kinds of pilots, and students can explore opportunities as Air Force Pilot, Commercial Pilot, Private Pilot, Fighter Pilot or etc. This profession also offers lucrative salary packages right from the starting positions. 

Top Universities/Colleges to become a Pilot

Some of the colleges and universities offering higher education in aviation sciences include: 

  • IGIA (Indira Gandhi Institute of Aeronautics)
  • Flightline Aviation Services LLP
  • Start Aviation Academy 
  • Flying Academy India 
  • Indian Aviation Academy
  • Indian Air Force Academy 

#4 Merchant Navy 

The career of the Merchant Navy involves operations in seas, or oceans to transport goods, services, and trade into different places through ships and cruises. It is one of the different ways to trade in various countries or cross seas. Merchant ships employ a huge amount of workers to carry supply goods, machinery, cargo all over the world. The formal education of a merchant navy includes courses like a B.Sc in Nautical Sciences, a diploma in nautical science, a B.Tech in Marine Engineering or a B.Tech Ship Building. The course details of the same are provided below. 

  • Duration: 3 Years - 4 Years 
  • Fees: INR 3,00,000 to INR 10,00,000 
  • Eligibility: Having Completed Class 12th Education from a Recognised Board in PCM Stream with At Least 60% Aggregate Marks + Qualified JEE or IMU-CET + Qualified All Rounds of Physical Fitness Test and Medical History

Candidates who aspire to be in the Merchant navy can work as deck officers, radio officers, engineers, chief engineering officers or etc. To become a merchant officer students need to score a good percentage in their science stream in PCM as their main subjects. 

Top Universities/Colleges

A few of the top universities and institutes across India that offer formal education in marine engineering, nautical sciences etc. have been mentioned here: 

  • IMU Campus Mumbai 
  • Tolani Maritime Institute, Pune 
  • Applied Research International, Delhi 
  • The Great Eastern Institute of Maritime Studies, Mumbai 
  • Coimbatore Marine College (CMC), Coimbatore

#5 Data Science 

Enthusiasts having a knack for data management and analysis can consider a career in data science, which is one of the dominating domains in contemporary career discourses. Data science careers involve the exploration of the systematic processing of data, its analysis and drawing inferences from the same from the perspective of business development. There are multiple courses a PCM-qualified candidate can consider for starting a career in data science, including a B.Sc in Computer Science, B.Tech in Computer Science, B.Sc in Statistics etc. 

  • Duration: 3 Years - 4 Years 
  • Fees: INR 1,00,000 to INR 10,00,000 
  • Eligibility: Candidate must have Qualified Higher Secondary Education from a Recognised Board with a Background in Either Computer Science or Mathematics + Qualified Requisite Entrance 

The career scope of data scientists are rapidly expanding, opening up a myriad of lucrative professional opportunities for data scientists. On an average, a data scientist can earn up to INR 11.5 LPA in entry level positions. 

Top Universities/Colleges for Data Science 

  • IITs in India 
  • NITs in India 
  • BITS Pilani 
  • Amity University 
  • Chandigarh University
  • SASTRA University 
  • Loyola College 
  • Christ University 

#6 National Defence Services 

If students have a passion for service at the forefront of national security and defence, then taking up formal education in the national defence sector is a viable option for the candidates. National defence services offer prestigious and respected career opportunities in addition to lucrative compensation. However, in addition to having completed formal school education in the PCM stream, a candidate must also be willing to undergo rigorous physical education and training in addition to undertaking risks to personal safety in order to venture into this career. There are three different national defence services where an aspirant can serve–the Indian Army, the Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. To venture into this field, the aspirants need to enrol in national defence institutions after qualifying multiple rounds of medical, physical and mental examination and then complete further training to start serving on various ranks in the military,navy or air forces. 

Top Institutes for Defence Training & Education

Some of the national institutes and academies for defence training include those like: 

  • Indian Military Academy (IMA), Dehradun 
  • Officers Training Academy (OTA), Chennai 
  • Indian Air Force Academy 
  • Indian Naval Academy 
  • National Defence Academy 

#7 Product Designing 

Product designing is another major career domain wherein a number of PCM graduates are choosing to venture due to its bright prospects and lucrative compensation. The career of product designing involves conceptualising and creating innovatively designed products and services. The designer has the responsibilities of streamlining the entire range of operations surrounding the development of the specific product. Aspirants of product designing need to complete an undergraduate course such as a Bachelor of Designing (B.Des). The course details of the same are provided below. 

  • Duration: 3-4 Years 
  • Fees: INR 2,00,000 to INR 12,00,000
  • Eligibility: Candidates Having Completed Higher Secondary Education from Any Stream with At Least 50% Aggregate Marks + Having Qualified Requisite Institutional Entrance Exam [NIFT, UCEED, NID, CEED etc.] 

Product designers can explore jobs in industries like interior designing, exhibition designing, automotive engineering and so on. The field is lucratively compensated as well and can offer anywhere between INR 6 LPA to INR 9 LPA to freshers. 

Top Institutes for Product Design

Some of the top institutes and universities for product designing include those like:

  • NIFT Across India 
  • NID Ahmedabad
  • Pearl Academy
  • Symbiosis Institute of Design
  • Amity University
  • Chandigarh University
  • Chitkara University

#8 Chartered Accountancy 

Chartered accountancy, although a field conventionally pertaining to commerce and finance, is also a viable and appealing career option one can start preparing for after class 12th education in the PCM stream. The course in Chartered Accountancy or CA is offered in India by the ICAI (Institute of Chartered Accountants of India) and can be taken up by a high school graduate at the Foundation Level, post which they can qualify the Intermediate and Final levels to attain the CA certification. 

  • Duration of Course: 4.5 Years to 5 Years (Minimum Period)
  • Average Fee for Course: INR 70,000 to INR 87,000
  • Eligibility of this Program: Having Qualified Class 12th Education with a Minimum of 50% Aggregate Marks 

#9 Research & Academia 

Research and academia in disciplines of mathematics, chemistry and physics are some of the most well-regarded academic career options for those completing their education in the PCM industry. This career involves conducting regular research, contributing to the theoretical and applied domains of the chosen field as well as taking up teaching positions in institutes like schools and colleges. To become a researcher and enter academia in physics, chemistry and mathematics, one must at least have a Bachelor’s degree and a Masters degree in the field. 

The field is well compensated, although it would require a significant investment of time before one is well-established in their careers in academia and research. 

#10 Statistician 

A PCM school graduate can also consider a career in statistics, which is closely associated with the discipline of mathematics. Statisticians are in high demand in the current professional world, with heavy emphasis being laid on data and data-driven insights for business growth, strategy formulation and so on. Both lucrative public sector jobs and private sector jobs are available for students who wish to become a statistician. The requisite educational qualification needed for the same is a B.Sc in Statistics, followed preferably by an M.Sc in Statistics. The basic course details of a B.Sc in Statistics include: 

  • Duration of Course: 3 Years 
  • Average Fee for Course: INR 20,000 to INR 1,00,000
  • Eligibility of this Program:  Candidate must have Qualified Higher Secondary Education from a Recognised Board with at least 50% Aggregate Marks and   Mathematics as one of the subjects


Through this blog, we have discussed the various career options available to science stream students having studied PCM (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) in class 12th boards. In addition to the career options mentioned in the blog, there are a number of other career options in fields like commerce, management as well as humanities and allied sciences which a PCM student can consider exploring. Added to the benefit of having the liberty to choose from a vast variety of courses, PCM students can now benefit from exploring multiple degrees and diploma options simultaneously with the convenience of remote study available with fully online courses with equal value as regular courses as per UGC-DEB mandates.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Few interesting courses one can take after their 12th are B.Sc in Aviation, Bachelors in Architecture, BCA and B.Sc in forensic science.

Yes one can apply for government profile right after their 12th, few positions students can go for are National Defence Academy (NDA), SSC Combined Higher Secondary Level, SSC Multi Tasking Staff, SSC Stenographer (Grade C and Grade D), Railway Recruitment Board, and IBPS Clerk.

The Names of few Entrance tests conducted for B.Tech are IIT JEE, IPU CET and LPU NEST.

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