what is the full form of ma master of art
Home Detailed Guide MA Full Form: Courses List, Subjects, Colleges [2024]

MA Full Form: Courses List, Subjects, Colleges [2024]

Dec 11, 2023 27.9K Reads

What Is The Full Form of MA?

The full-form of MA is Master of Arts, is a 2-year postgraduate course which helps students in gaining immense knowledge of areas like History, Politics, Public Administration, Journalism, and more. This is a PG program and hence only those students who have completed their bachelor’s can apply for admission in MA or distance MA in any discipline.

Distance MA or Master of Arts is a specialized course that helps students in excelling in different areas of humanities and social sciences. Students can pursue MA either in the full-time mode or in the distance mode.

Distance MA helps those who are either unable to get access to a good university or they are just willing to continue studies and employment together. There is a myriad of universities that are offering distance MA programs with a UGC-recognized degree. Nowadays, almost every university which offers distance programs is offering MA in distance mode.

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Students are not even required to give any entrance to get enrolled in any distance MA program, however, an entrance exam is required for regular MA programs.

                                    Master of Arts (MA) 
MA full form Master of Arts
Degree Masters or Postgraduate
Duration Two years
Course Types Regular and Distance
Specializations MA English

MA Hindi

MA Education

MA Psychology

MA Philosophy

MA in Political Science

MA History

MA International Relations

MA Sociology

MA in Economics

MA HR Management

MA Journalism

MA Social Work.

Average MA Starting Salary Up to Rs. 4 LPA
Average MA Cost  INR 10,000 – INR 1,00,000
Job Profiles University Professor, R&D Managers, Administrative Officers, Correspondent, Social Worker, Consultant, Content Writer, Journalist, Political Analyst, Executives, Public Administrators, etc.

Should I even pursue an MA?

Yes, you should because post-graduation opens up various career opportunities for you. As you know the job market has expanded for some years and along with this, the competition also has increased by leaps and bounds.

Students can pursue either regular MA or distance MA to get a deep insight into subjects they are willing to study. After the completion of MA, students can actually get more and better options in terms of job positions.

However, students can even pursue MA along with their employment with the help of distance learning. Students can get the MA degree at less cost and even without compromising your job and other commitments.

What are the different types of MA courses?

MA courses are designed to suit the varied needs and interests of students. Henceforth, a Master of Arts is a course that can be pursued in different modes and these are:

  • Regular MA: In this course, students have to attend regular classes in the traditional method. This course is suitable for fresh graduates who can dedicate 2 years to their higher education.
  • Distance MA: Distance MA is a course specially designed for working professionals. In this course, students need not attend on-campus classes and it offers more flexibility to students. The value of distance or online MA is exactly the same as regular MA because the University Grants Commission has approved MA in the distance mode.
  • Online MA: Online MA is an advanced level program that solves the problems of working professionals. In an online MA course, students get timely online lectures via Learning Management System and online exams.
Types of MA Duration  Eligibility Mode of Learning Top Colleges  Entrance Exams 
Full-time/Regular 2 Years Graduation + Entrance marks Offline University Of Delhi, Christ University, JNU, etc. Universities conduct their own entrance exams
Online MA 2 Years Graduation Online Jain Online, ICFAI, etc. No entrance
Distance MA 2 Years Graduation Online + Offline Chandigarh University, Hindustan University, Andhra University, etc. No entrance

The average salary after MA

The jobs you will get after your MA is totally dependent on which specialization you have chosen and your salary will fluctuate according to that. Generally, the average salary of an MA postgraduate is between INR 3,00,000 to INR 6,00,000 per annum.

Who can apply for admission to MA programs?

Every university sets the criteria for admission to courses and these criteria depend on the course and the university. The eligibility criteria are basically to assess the qualification and calibre of students. The eligibility criteria for distance MA are:

  • Candidates must have earned a Bachelor’s degree (preferably in the arts) or an equivalent (10+2+3 or 10+2+4) of at least three or four years.
  •  A bachelor’s from an Indian university approved by the UGC (University Grants Commission) is required.
  • Candidates must have secured at least 50% marks in their bachelor’s and the minimum requirement of marks may vary from university to university.

Note: Candidates are required to give entrance exams for admission in regular MBA programs.

Do I require work experience for MA?

No, you do not need to have any work experience to pursue an MA in any university. The admission in MA is based on the marks obtained in the bachelor’s degree.

Do I need to give any entrance exam for MA?

Yes, students need to clear the entrance exams of the universities to get admission in the MA course. However, if students are taking admission in the distance MA course then they need not give any entrance exam.

What are the different types of MA Specializations?

Distance MA or Master of Arts is a specialized program that helps students in gaining in-depth knowledge and skills of different subjects. Students are likely to find the same specializations of distance MA as of regular MA. There are famous and recognized universities that are offering a plethora of distance MA specializations for students to pursue.

By choosing one specialization, students are apt to become the subject expert in that particular area because they focus solely on one single area instead of digressing. The list of major distance MA specializations are:

MA English MA Hindi MA Education MA Sociology
MA Psychology MA Philosophy MA History MA International Relations

MA in Economics

MA HR Management

MA Journalism

MA Social Work

The Course Curriculum of MA

The course curriculum of distance MA programs is almost similar to that of regular MA programs. Students can browse the subjects that they will get to study in different distance MA programs.

Generally, universities offer distance MA courses in the semester mode but some offer in the yearly mode where students have to give term-end exams once a year instead of twice. Here is the entire list of general subjects of some major distance MA courses: 

MA English
Introduction to Linguistics Poetry III (Hopkins to Ted Hughes)
Poetry I (Chaucer to Blake) Drama III (Twentieth Century Drama)
Drama I (Marlowe to Wilde excluding Shakespeare) Literary Criticism & Theory 1
Prose Indian Literature in English I/American Literature-II
Linguistics and English Language Teaching Fiction II
Poetry II (Wordsworth to Arnold) Literary Criticism & Theory II
Drama II (Shakespeare) Indian Literature in English II/American Literature II
Fiction I (Defoe to Hardy) Indian Literature in Translation/New Literatures in English/Women Writing
MA Economics
Microeconomic Analysis Economics of Growth
Monetary Economics Public Economics
Elementary Statistics Issues in the Indian Economy
International Trade Economics of Industry
Optional Paper-I Optional Paper-II
Theory of Pricing and Distribution Growth Models in Economics
Macroeconomic Analysis Indian Public Finance
Quantitative Methods Selected Problems of the Indian Economy
International Finance Economics of Agriculture
 MA History
Principles of History Contemporary World (Part-II: 1945-2003)
Contemporary World Indian National Movement (1905-1947)
Ecology & Environment in History Environmental Crisis and World Religions
Major currents in Historical Thought Research Methodology and Historical Investigation
Indian Nationalism (Socio-religious and other protest movements) up to1905. Optional Papers
MA Psychology
Advanced Biological Psychology Minor Elective: Basic Psychological Processes Psychology of Adolescence


Advanced Cognitive Psychology Applied Social Psychology Child and Adolescent Psychopathology
Advanced Research Methodology and Design Community Psychology Animal Models of Human Behavior
Advanced Social Psychology Counseling Psychology Cognitive Neuropsychology of Attention and Memory
Practical: One practical from each of the above papers Psychodiagnostics


Cross-Cultural Psychology
Applied Psychological Assessment Genetics, Environment and Behaviour Drug and Behaviour
Motivation and Emotion Advanced Biological Psychology Methods of Cognitive Neuropsychology Environmental Psychology
Advanced Cognitive Psychology Military Psychology Forensic Psychology
Advanced Research Methodology and Design Neuropsychology Human Factors
Advanced Social Psychology Organizational Behaviour Neuroergonomics
Practical: One practical from each of the above papers Organizational Development and Change Organizational Communication
Advanced Statistics


Cognitive Aging Positive Psychology


Applied Psychological Assessment Psychopathology Psychology of Late Adulthood
Motivation and Emotion Psychopharmacology


Health Psychology
Psychology of Personality Psychobiology of Emotion and Health Rehabilitation Psychology


Stress Management in organizations Therapeutic Techniques Human Resource Management
MA Sociology
Social Anthropology Theories of Group Interaction
Methodology of Social Sciences Theories of Group Interaction
Group Processes and Dynamics Sociological Reviews and Viva-Voce
Classical Social Thinkers Modern Sociological Theories
Sociology of Environment Advanced Sociological Theories
Tribal Economy and Society Sociology of India
Social Statistics Continuity and Change In India
MA Political Science
Modern Indian Political Thought Comparative Political Analysis
International Relations-Theory and Practice Western Political Thought
Indian Politics-Major Issues and Debates Seminar on Field Project
Contemporary Political Theory Dissertation-I
Soft Skills Teaching and Research Aptitude-I
Politics of Developing Countries Departmental Elective 2
Contemporary Political Issues Departmental Elective 3
Major Ideas and Issues in Public Administration State Politics in India
Research Methods in Political Science Dissertation-II
Departmental Elective 3 Teaching and Research Aptitude-II

What is the cost of an MA?

The average cost or tuition fee of distance MA lies between INR 10,000 – INR 20,000 per annum. However, the cost of regular MA is more than distance MA. Students will be required to pay between INR 10,000 – 1,00,000 per annum.

Is there any MA scholarship?

The scholarships are generally provided by the universities based on students’ performance and category. All you have to do is apply as early as possible and read all the requirements of scholarships closely because some universities offer it to the reserved category students and some have cut-offs to provide the same.

How to get into top universities for MA?

First of all, you need to pass all your bachelor’s exams in any discipline but Arts would be preferred. In order to apply for an MA course in top universities, students just need to apply as early as possible. If you are willing to take admission in a regular MA course then you need to prepare for entrance exams and need to clear that.

Your admission will be based on the cut-off. Instead, you can take admission in distance MA where you don’t have to give any entrance and you can take admission if you have scored at least 50% in your bachelor’s.

What are the top destinations to pursue MA?

In India, there are hundreds of universities that are offering distance MA courses with different subjects of specialization. Some of the famous and recognized universities are:

Chandigarh University

SV University

University of Delhi

IGNOU Maharshi Dayanand University Jagannath University
Jaipur National University Vidyasagar University University of Kashmir
JECRC University University of Kerala Shivaji University

Is it possible to pursue MA after 30?

Yes, you can pursue MA after 30 if the program is helping you in making your career. You can apply for both distance MA and regular MA courses until and unless the university doesn’t have any condition related to the age above 30.

There is hardly any university which excludes people above 30 in providing distance MA course. The beauty of distance courses is that they do not put the barrier of age. However, you can also take admission in regular MA too if you can explain the strong reason for being so late.

What are the job profiles available after MA?

Content Writer Foreign Language Expert
Teachers/Professors Psychologist
Journalist Consultant
Policy Analyst Administrative Officer
Operations Associate Counselor

Candidates who complete an MA degree program have the option of pursuing an MPhil/Ph.D. program in the future or they can seek jobs. Candidates should be aware that they will be offered jobs depending on the discipline they have studied in their MA program, whether it is regular or distance MA.

MA Full Form, remember?

So now you remember both the full form of MA and all the facts attached to this course. MA which is Master of Arts is a specially designed course for humanities and social sciences students. I hope you found this blog helpful and informative that you need not visit any other site to scratch the information.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

After completing an MA in English, students can either pursue Ph.D. in English to become professors or they can just opt for jobs like Content Writing, News Writing, Anchoring, Writing in Magazines, Copy Writer or Editor, and so forth.

Yes, it is possible. Candidates interested in pursuing an MA in History will choose from three specializations: Ancient History, Medieval History, and Modern History.

The applicant must have earned a BA in History/Anthropology/Philosophy or a related discipline from a recognized university with a minimum aggregate of 55 percent.

Your present salary would increase with a master’s degree. A master’s degree in English, for example, can help you earn at least Rs. 4 LPA in the field of news writing or content writing.

No, in order to teach, an applicant must complete a BEd or a Ph.D. A postgraduate course can only increase your knowledge and value but to become a qualified teacher/Professor you need to pursue Ph.D. in one particular subject.

You can pursue a career in Public Administration, Social Media, Mass Media, Reporting, Writing, Public Relations, Campaigning, Politics, and other fields after completing your MA in Political Science.

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